Eldon Earl Ferguson, a world-renowned physicist and atmospheric scientist, passed away on 26 April 2017 in 4E-Arrondissement, Paris, France. He was 91.
Ferguson was born on April 23, 1926, in Rawlins, Wyoming, to George Earl and Bess A. Pierce Ferguson. He had a younger brother, Kenneth Lee Ferguson (1929–1989). When he was about three years old the family moved to Tulsa, .Oklahoma. He was a state champion track star during high school. After graduating from Central High School in 1945, he entered the University of Oklahoma on a track scholarship and earned BS, MS, and PhD degrees in physics. His PhD was done under the supervision of Jens Rud Nielsen in the area of infrared and Raman spectroscopy. (Senior picture at U of Oklahoma at right) After graduating in 1953, he served a year as a seismologist at Phillips Petroleum and then moved to the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC where he worked on IR spectroscopy.
In 1946, Eldon married Mary June Gaines from Springfield, MO. They had two children, Jill and Mark Eldon. He next entered academia as an assistant professor of physics at the University of Texas in Austin in 1957. Eldon and Mary June purchased what is now the historic Harrell-Perkins house in Austin. There, Eldon began his remarkable, creative career of research on the chemical and physical processes in ionized gases. He spent one year on leave at the Max Planck Institute in Munich, Germany on a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Seeking a promotion at Texas, he was advised to give external lectures and one that he delivered at the Central Radio Propagation Laboratory of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in Boulder, Colorado led to a job offer. Eldon writes of this time, "The story for me began when, frustrated with the dual demands of research and a nine-hour teaching load, I chose to concentrate on the former and left a tenured faculty position in Physics at the University of Texas, Austin, for a position in the Upper Atmospher and Space Physics Division of the NBS in Boulder in the newly created Central Radio Propagation Laboratory. At NBS, he started a research group by hiring two of his students from Texas, Art Schmeltekopf and Fred Fehsenfeld. Dan Albritton later joined the group. which Eldon called The Atmospheric Collision Processes Group. They initiated a research program to investigate the interactions of charged particles, electrons and ions, in the upper atmosphere. The mission of the laboratory was to understand the role these particles played in controlling the atmospheric propagation of radio waves.
Under Eldon’s direction the group developed a new instrument called the “flowing afterglow” that revolutionized the laboratory study of gaseous ionic reactions. By separating the ion production, reaction, and detection zones using a flow reactor, the device offered unprecedented flexibility and accuracy to analyze reactions of positive and negative ions with a wide variety of atmospheric trace and transient species, including atoms, metal vapors, and radicals over a broad range of temperatures and kinetic energies. The current understanding of the ion chemistry of the atmosphere is based largely on the research carried out by the group. Their achievements included discovering the mechanism by which the positive ions of NO and O2 are converted into protonated water clusters and the role that the reaction of O+ with vibrationally excited nitrogen plays in the production of NO in the ionosphere. In other studies they demonstrated a unique reaction mechanism called associative detachment, whereby an anion, such as O–, reacts with an atom or molecule such as H2, to form a free electron, which carries away the energy necessary to stabilize the product, H2O. They and other groups around the world have adapted the technology to a wide variety of applications including thermochemistry, spectroscopy, trace gas detection, medical analysis, and interstellar chemistry.
Eldon became the director of a new research division, the Aeronomy Laboratory, formed around his group’s research. In 1966, the Laboratory moved from NBS into the Environmental Science Services Administration and in 1970 into the present National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Around that time, the Laboratory’s research emphasis evolved to topics related to environmental issues, such as stratospheric ozone depletion, acid precipitation, and air pollution. Eldon built and led an exceptional scientific organization with world-leading research programs in the measurement of atmospheric trace gases, laboratory studies of chemical reactions, and model simulations of the atmosphere. Much of the Laboratory’s success was based upon the development of innovative new instruments for critical atmospheric measurements. Using this capability, the Laboratory played a vital role in the development of international environmental policy, such as the Montreal Protocol, which eliminated the use of ozone depleting chemicals, such as, chlorofluorocarbons.
In 1981, Eldon married Marie L. (LeJedec) Durup, a French physicist, in Collier, Florida. He co-authored with her a number of papers in the 1980.
Eldon served as Director of the Aeronomy Laboratory until 1986 when he retired from NOAA and took a position as Director of Research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Orsay, France. After four years, he returned to Boulder to serve as Director of the NOAA Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory until retiring in 1996. During his time in Boulder, he was an adjunct professor in the department of chemistry at the University of Colorado where he taught, trained graduate students, and helped recruit outstanding faculty. Throughout his career he maintained a strong interest in ion reactions and had many affiliations and collaborations with scientists and laboratories around the world.
His research and administrative skills were recognized with numerous awards including from the US Department of Commerce, a Presidential Rank Meritorious Executive Award and two Gold Medals, the Will Allis Prize from the American Physical Society, the Schroedinger Prize from the Austrian Symposium on Atomic and Surface Physics, a Guggenheim Fellowship from the Max-Planck Institute for Physics in Munich in 1960, and a Humboldt Fellowship from the Max-Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg.
His citation for the Will Allis Prize read,
"For his pioneering development and application of the flowing afterglow technique to provide detailed microscopic understanding of low-energy ion-molecule reactions of importance in weakly ionized gases and in ionospheric physics."
Beyond Eldon’s accomplishments as a scientist and leader, he was an exceptional colleague, mentor, and supervisor. He loved the Colorado mountains, was an outdoorsman, an avid hiker and runner, and relished skiing with many friends and colleagues.
Eldon was predeceased by his brother Kenneth Ferguson. Eldon is survived by his beloved wife, Marie Durup Ferguson, a noted scientist in her own right with whom he coauthored several publications; daughter, Jill Ferguson, granddaughters, Marisa Wilson and Darien Reed, and great-grandson, August Wilson; son, Mark Ferguson and grandson, Matthew Ferguson; and step-daughters, Juliet Rouillon, Florence Durup and Sylvie Carré.
From Physics Today, 28 Nov 2017, in People And History and from an obituary that appeared in The Daily Camera,, May 7, 2017.. (Some additions in italics by Mel Oakes)
Eldon Earl Ferguson Photo and Document Album